Purpose of the Scheduled Live Discussions

The live discussion sessions are not meant to facilitate lengthy discussions directly. Instead, the goal is to plant the seeds for productive discussions, which can then be grown and continued, in depth, afterwards during the informal discussion sessions in other rooms on Zoom. Therefore, we do not want these sessions to dwell on just 1-2 questions for the full 10 minutes. Instead, after a few exchanges between the speaker and questioner, we suggest to move on to the next question and encourage the participants of the interrupted discussion to continue it on Zoom after the session. 

Of course, if no further questions are asked, it is OK to dwell on the one conversation, or even come back to it later in the session.


Before the Live Discussion Session

• Check the agenda of the session and watch the speakers’ talks.
• Browse the Slack channel of the relevant session and the questions/discussions of each talk.
• Decide if any of the Slack questions are unanswered, or worth further discussion, and prepare to bring these up in the live discussion session. Feel free to group similar questions.
• Learn to pronounce the speakers’ names (most likely they have mentioned that in their talk recording).

Beginning of the Live Discussion Session

• Remind the participants to adhere to the Code of Conduct of the conference.
• Remind the participants that the session is being recorded with the recording made available to the participants and a transcript may potentially be available publicly at some point after the conference (see the conference announcement for more details).
• Remind the participants to mute their microphones if they are not asking a question.
• Remind the participants to “raise hand” to ask questions or make text comments via the chat during the session. (This should automatically create an ordered list for you.)

During the Live Discussion Session

• Unless there are no further questions, try to keep questions and answers short. If it becomes clear that a particular question can lead to fertile discussion, remind and encourage people to continue in a room of the conference Zoom meeting after the live discussion session.
• Be aware of the time: 10 min per speaker. Each speaker is allowed up to 1 min to summarize their talk with one slide and 9 min to answer/discuss questions live. The very brief 1 slide/max. 1 min (or less!) summary only serves as a short reminder of the talk, potentially highlighting the most important aspect. Please be very strict and enforce this rule.
• Monitor Zoom for raised hands.
• Call on participants that have raised their hand on Zoom to ask their questions, or read questions from the Zoom chat or Slack.
• Encourage students and those that have not spoken before to participate by raising hands. When deciding which question is being asked, be prepared to give a boost (e.g. allow those people to jump the queue in the raised-hands list on Zoom) to the participants who have not spoken before while others with a raised hand already have.
• Pay attention to the power dynamics in the discussion and intervene if live comments do not live up to the standards specified in the Code of Conduct.
• If no questions come up, be prepared to ask some questions yourself. These can be generic, such as “Where do you intend to take this next?” or “What are the implications of this for [tangential field]?”.

End of the Live Discussion Session

• Thank all the speakers and participants.
• Remind the participants that discussions can continue to take place asynchronously on Slack and live in the current and other rooms of the conference Zoom space. In addition, the hour after the parallel talk discussion sessions is reserved for dedicated informal discussions between speakers and participants.
• If any discussions were cut short during the session, make explicit reference to them and encourage the participants to continue those discussions now (or Slack if they cannot stay online).


• Be prepared to take over the moderator responsibilities in case the moderator has any connection issues or is otherwise unable to moderate the session.
• Record the session to your own device as a back-up to the recording of an organizer.
• Monitor questions on Zoom and Slack, and the raised-hand list on Zoom.
• Actively mute anyone who is not supposed to be talking, has background noise, etc.
• Remind the moderator about time or extra questions if needed.
• Generally support the host.